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 Practical tips that will help prevent vocal problems

The voice is a valuable instrument that we must take care of with attention. To do so, it is important to follow some practical tips that will help us prevent vocal problems and maintain a healthy and professional voice. Some of these tips are:

- Don't shout or strain your voice in noisy environments, but don't whisper either, as this can cause more strain on the vocal cords. For example, if you have to speak in a noisy classroom, use a microphone or move closer to the students instead of raising your voice.
- Hydrate well. Drink plenty of water daily, especially if you consume caffeinated beverages or alcohol, which can dry out the laryngeal mucosa. Also avoid mints, menthol or eucalyptus candies, which have the same effect. For example, you can carry a bottle of water with you and sip it whenever your throat feels dry.
- Get adequate rest. Try to sleep at least seven hours a day and look for vocal rest times during voice use. The voice is very sensitive to lack of sleep and stress. For example, you can do relaxation exercises before speaking or singing, or take five-minute vocal breaks every hour.
- Avoid toxic substances. Do not smoke and avoid smoky environments, as they irritate the vocal cords and increase the risk of injury. Also avoid excessive use of some drugs, such as antihistamines, which can dry out the mucosa. For example, if you suffer from allergies, consult your doctor for other treatment options that do not affect your voice.
- Do not clear your throat or throat clearing often, as this can damage the vocal cords. Instead, drink water or gargle gently. If you have a foreign body sensation in your throat or gastroesophageal reflux, consult a physician. For example, if you notice you have heartburn or bad breath after eating, it may be a sign of reflux affecting your voice.

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